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The lute Tyba
The Tyba surely is a follower of the famous Chinese lute Pipa. It has less frets than the 24 of the Pipa, but normally it is of the same size and equal tuning, not like the childrens model shown on the picture above. Both lutes are held vertically while playing, with the soundbox facing towards the audience. The chords are plucked with finger elongations or plectrums.
Lutes like this can be found on temple walls in China and it is assumed that they immigrated to main Asia, coming from Persia and the Arabian region, where the ancient lute Oud might be an early relative.
Pictures (click to expand):
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